Article Analysis 2
Research articles may be qualitative or quantitative no more than 5 years old. Qualitative articles typically include sections such as Review of the Literature, Sample Descriiption, Data Collection Methods, Data Analysis Methods, Findings, Discussion, and a Conclusion. A quantitative research article has the following major sections: Title Page, Abstract, Introductions, Review of the Literature, Method, Results, Discussion, References, Tables and Figures. An article analysis highlights the information in the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Before you can write such a document, you need to read and understand the article. Writing the Article Analysis Like an abstract in a published research article, the purpose of an article summary is giving the reader a brief, structured overview of the study that was done. It is important that you understand that writing an article summary is a low-stress activity. By using these tips, the task becomes very easy. To write a good analysis, you must know (a) what is important to say and (b) how to condense important information. The better you understand a subject, the easier it is to write both knowledgeably and briefly about it (this is the rationale for essay exams). Getting started. Put down your pen and read all your notes to get an overview. Eliminate irrelevant notes. Drop anything that does not connect with something else in your notes (the earliest-taken notes are the most likely ones to be dropped). Write a first draft. Use the same order as the article itself used, but should look something like the below guideline for analysis: • Paragraph One: Include an introduction to the paper by describing indicating what the research is about. Tell the reader what the focus of the research is and state the hypotheses or research questions. • Paragraph Two: Identify the subjects and the procedures used in the study. • Paragraph Three (and possibly Paragraph Four): Present the variables and how each was measured. Be specific. Identify the name of the measurement and a brief descriiption of each. • Paragraph Five: Discuss the results of the study. Did the data support the stated hypotheses? Use the results and discussion section for this. • Paragraph Six through Eight: Critique the study. Specify what was done well and what could have been improved. Some other questions to answer include: o Was the research valuable? o Was the study practical/helpful? To whom? o Was the study done ethically? o Should more research be done in this area? o To whom do the results of this study affect? o What should be the next step to be in this line of research? • Paragraph Nine: Conclusion

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