Question 10.25 Points____ are loosely associated with the phospholipid bilayer,
Question 10.25 Points____ are loosely associated with the phospholipid bilayer, whereas ____ are tightly bound to it.Integral proteins; glycoproteins Peripheral proteins; integral proteins Glycoproteins; peripheral proteins Glycolipids; glycoproteins Integral proteins; peripheral proteins Question 20.25 PointsWhat method does a human white blood cell employ to engulf a bacterial cell?osmosis facilitated diffusion phagocytosis pinocytosis exocytosis Question 30.25 PointsWhat happens during the cotransport of glucose and sodium ions?ATP causes a conformational change in the carrier protein. Sodium ions are transported against their concentration gradient. Sodium ions are transported down their concentration gradient. Glucose molecules are transported against their concentration gradient. The transport of glucose powers the transport of sodium. Question 40.25 PointsThe role of ATP in the sodium-potassium pump is to:assist a proton to bind to a carbohydrate. assist a cell to release protons by exocytosis. assist a cell to take up protons by endocytosis. transfer protons to the inside of a cell. transfer protons to the outside of a cell. Question 50.25 PointsWhat is required for facilitated diffusion to take place?movement down a concentration gradient energy from ATP the transport of large food particles the transport of small nonpolar molecules a transmembrane protein Question 60.25 PointsIn the accompanying figure, what is the form of cellular junction?plasmodesmata gap junctions desmosomes tight junctions adhering junctions Question 70.25 PointsHow are integral proteins unique in cell membranes?They are weakly bound to the surface of the membrane. They are only located on the inner side of a membrane. They are firmly bound to the membrane and can only be released with a detergent. They are completely embedded within the lipid bilayer with no exposure to the internal cell environment. They have no hydrophobic portions. Question 80.25 PointsPlasmodesmata of plant cells are functionally equivalent to the ____ of animal cells.tight junctions cell surface receptors gap junctions anchoring junctions vesicles Question 90.25 PointsProteins that are destined to become associated with the inner surface of the plasma membrane are:made on ribosomes located on the rough endoplasmic reticulum. manufactured in the same way as proteins destined to become external peripheral proteins. manufactured in the same way as protein hormones. transported to the plasma membrane within a secretory vesicle. made on free ribosomes in the cytoplasm. Question 100.25 PointsWhat type of cellular junction cements cells together that use cadherins as a belt around each cell?tight junctions desmosomes adhering junctions gap junctions plasmodesmata Question 110.25 PointsFigure 5-3In the accompanying figure, what is the role of the structures between the membranes?They provide structure to plant cells. They provide anchorage points between adjacent cells. They allow the transport of small molecules and ions between adjacent cells. They prevent the passage of materials through intercellular spaces. They allow passage of materials through intercellular spaces. Question 120.25 PointsThe term "fluid mosaic model" refers to the:method of substance transport across the membrane. movement of lipids and integral proteins within the lipid bilayer. diffusion of lipid-soluble substances through the lipid bilayer. solubility of water in the membrane. movement of surface proteins through the membrane. Question 130.25 PointsFigure 5-1Refer to the accompanying figure. Which best describes what is happening to the red blood cells in Figure A?There has been a net flow of water into the cell. Pinocytosis has occurred. There has been a net flow of water out of the cell. Plasmolysis has occurred. There has been no net water movement. Question 140.25 PointsSince sodium-potassium pumps transport sodium ions out of a cell and potassium ions into a cell, what type of carrier proteins are they?uniporters antiporters symporters ion pumps ABC transporter Question 150.25 PointsA patient who has had a severe hemorrhage accidentally receives a large transfusion of distilled water directly into a major blood vessel. What effect will this have on the patient?It will have serious, perhaps fatal consequences because the red blood cells could swell and burst. It will have no unfavorable effect as long as the water is free of bacteria. It will have serious, perhaps fatal consequences because the red blood cells could shrink. It will have serious, perhaps fatal consequences because there would be too much fluid to pump. It will have no serious effect because the kidney could quickly eliminate excess water. Question 160.25 PointsIn cells that are constantly involved in secretion, an equivalent amount of membrane must be returned to the interior of the cell for each vesicle that fuses with the plasma membrane; if this does not occur, then what would happen?The cell surface would shrivel. The surface area would remain constant. The ratio of cell surface would decrease, compared to cell volume. The number of membrane receptor proteins would decrease. The cell surface will keep expanding. Question 170.25 PointsDuring phagocytosis, what may fuse with the vacuole to further degrade the ingested material?lysosome phosphate receptor ligand desmosome Question 180.25 PointsWhat process halts the net movement of water from a hypotonic solution into a plant’s cells and often provides the structural support to many plants?facilitated diffusion osmotic pressure plasmolysis turgur pressure dynamic equilibrium Question 190.25 PointsAlthough glucose molecules constantly diffuse into a red blood cell along their concentration gradient, equilibrium is never reached and a steep concentration gradient is continually maintained. What causes this?The ability of the cell to engulf glucose by pinocytosis The rapid and continuous addition of phosphates onto the glucose molecules The active transport of glucose The continuous excretion of glucose from other parts of the cell The very fast turnover rate of glucose metabolism Question 200.25 PointsWhat facilitate the rapid transport of water through the plasma membrane?aquaporins uniporters ABC transporters osmosis channel proteins Question 210.25 PointsWhat is the passive movement of water along a concentration gradient?facilitated diffusion simple diffusion plasmolysis cotransport osmosis Question 220.25 PointsBiological membranes are one dimensional fluids.__________________True False Question 230.25 PointsA wilted flower placed in a vase of water for several hours became stiff and stood erect. When it was placed in a salt solution, it wilted. From this information, we can say that the cells of the flower are:hypertonic to fresh water but hypotonic to the salt solution. hypertonic to both the fresh water and the salt solution. hypotonic to both fresh water and the salt solution. isotonic to fresh water but hypotonic to the salt solution. hypotonic to fresh water but hypertonic to the salt solution. Question 240.25 PointsFigure 5-2What cellular process is represented in the accompanying figure?pinocytosis facilitated diffusion exocytosis cotransport lysis Question 250.25 PointsHow do gap junctions differ from desmosomes?A gap junction requires the use of ATP to open and close its channels. A gap junction bridges the space between cells. A gap junction is a much larger space between cells. A gap junction can control the passage of materials between cells. A gap junction provides communication between cells. Question 260.25 PointsWhat have studies of glucose transport in liposomes revealed?Glucose is transported against a concentration gradient. The binding of glucose triggers a conformational change in the carrier protein. Glucose phosphates move readily across the membrane by simple diffusion. Glucose moves readily across the membrane by simple diffusion. The transport of solutes via carrier proteins is faster than via channel proteins. Question 270.25 PointsFigure 5-2Consider the cellular process illustrated in the accompanying figure. What substance would most likely be used to transport?carbon dioxide bacteria potassium ions hormones glucose Question 280.25 PointsFigure 5-1Refer to the accompanying figure. Which best describes the red blood cells in Figure B?These red blood cells have swollen in response to a hypotonic external solution. These red blood cells have shrunken in response to a hypertonic external solution. These red blood cells have been placed in an isotonic solution. These red blood cells have swollen in response to a hypertonic external solution. These red blood cells have shrunken in response to a hypotonic external solution. Question 290.25 PointsIn the experiment in which Frye and Edidin fused the plasma membranes of a mouse and a human cell, what happened to the membrane proteins?They moved laterally across the cell surface. They formed a bilayer. They flip-flopped from one layer to the other. They reacted with cholesterol molecules on the membrane surface. They formed a spherical structure. Question 300.25 PointsIf phospholipids form a spherical structure when placed in water, then which of the following is the most logical conclusion about those phospholipid molecules?They have two hydrophilic ends. They are cone-shaped. They form a bilayer. They are not amphipathic. They contain two fatty acid chains. Question 310.25 PointsCompare and contrast simple diffusion, osmosis, and facilitated diffusion. Question 320.25 PointsPeripheral proteins are linked to either surface of the plasma membrane by:associating with fatty acids through hydrophobic interactions. covalent disulfide bonds. bonding to integral proteins through noncovalent interactions. associating with glycoproteins on the inner membrane surface. embedding in one side of the membrane and, thus, not extending through to the other side. Question 330.25 PointsWhat does an ABC transporter use to transport larger ions and molecules across the cell membrane?ATP signals tunnels porins water Question 340.25 PointsOnce ligand molecules bind to receptors in coated pits of a plasma membrane, the next step of receptor-mediated endocytisis would be:endosome fuses with primary lysosome, forming secondary lysosome ligands separate from receptors, which are recycled contents of secondary lysosome are digested and released into the cytosol coating detaches from vesicle coated vesicle forms by endocytosis Question 350.25 PointsIf the concentration of solutes in a cell is less than the concentration of solutes in the surrounding fluid, then the extracellular fluid is said to be:stable. hypertonic. amphipathic. isotonic. hypotonic. Question 360.25 PointsA transmembrane protein differs from other membrane proteins because it:completely extends through the membrane. is a glycoprotein with carbohydrates attached. is covalently linked to the outer surface of the plasma membrane. is completely embedded within the membrane. is attached to the inside of the membrane by an ionic bond. Question 370.25 PointsThe sodium–potassium pump is a carrier protein that maintains a(n) ____ gradient across the plasma membrane.concentration polar nonpolar phosphorous electrochemical Question 380.25 PointsHow do the phospholipids in vegetable oil differ from those of animal fat?The fatty acid tails are a chain of saturated fats. The fatty acid tails lack double bonds. The fatty acid tails solidify at room temperature. The fatty acid tails interact via van der Waals forces. The fatty acid tails bend. Question 390.25 PointsIn a lipid bilayer, __________ fatty acid tails face each other within the bilayer and form a region that excludes water.hyperosmotic hydrophilic hypotonic hydrophobic hypertonic Question 400.25 PointsA person has a genetic disease that prevents the phospholipids in the plasma membrane of the white blood cells from freely fusing with the other membranes within the cell. How would this disease affect phagocytosis?The phagocytic vacuole would not fuse with the lysosome. Facilitated diffusion would not occur. Endocytosis would not occur. Lysosomes would be formed lacking hydrolytic enzymes. Lysosomes would not be formed. Do you have additional content?You can add text, images, and files that support your answers.Add ContentDetails & InformationAssessment due date8/1/21, 11:59 PM (EDT) Requirements: //

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